Emergency Medicine is a medical specialty which deals with all acute illnesses whether it is medical or surgical, despite age groups, that requires immediate medical attention.
It is the first specialty to develop directly due to demand by public where as other specialties are originated by anatomic reason or particular type of disease or particular age group. Emergency physicians diagnose a variety of illnesses and they undertake acute intervention to resuscitate and stabilize patients.
♦ Protocol based approach for every patient
♦ Emergency trauma care facility
♦ Allows effective screening of patients for hospital admission
♦ Coordinates outpatient and inpatient care
♦ Ensures availability, depth and uniformity of training for emergency care
♦ Limiting need for inter hospital transfers
♦ Completion of diagnostic work ups
♦ Permits patients to be promptly evaluated even when presenting at times inconvenient for other specialties.